The other day in my early education class we were discussing Graphic Organizers. This made me think back to Elementary school when we would make the Venn diagrams and we though it was so much fun. I did not realize, until now, that a simple Venn diagram is so much more than just a way to organize information. I never knew there were so many different types of graphic organizers. They have Concept Maps, Flow Diagrams, Compare and Contrast, Cause and Effect, Main Idea or Detail Chart, Attribute Chart, Story Maps, etc. All of these are simple ways of organizing information. Also by dissecting information and categorizing it, students tend to memorize more of the information. When you have to focus on details and put a topic into a category to remember the small details that made the topic fit into the chosen category. The three types of graphic organizers that I believe to be the most effective and interesting are the: Story Map, Cause and Effect Diagram, Compare and Contrast Diagram (Venn Diagram).
The Story Map
A story map visually displays the main characteristics and elements of a story, usually fiction. It usually includes space to note the characters, setting, problem, events, and solution of a given story. It is a valuable resource for identifying, categorizing, and describing major elements in fiction. It helps you to visualize the story and to see the main characteristics.
Cause and Effect
A cause-and-effect diagram highlights the direct relationship between different events or concepts. This tool is one of the most beneficial organizers because of its many applications in all subject areas. This shows how certain things lead to certain outcomes, or how one thing can influence another.
Compare and Contrast Diagram
A compare and contrast or Venn diagram is used to look at the similarities and differences between two or more concepts. The most commonly used organizer, this tool is found in textbooks, on standardized tests, and in teacher resource materials. This graphic organizers helps you to see the different side of things. It displays the differences while also highlighting the similarities.